Taumata atua (resting place of gods) are intricately carved human figures. These mediums represent the gods, particularly that of Rongo the god of cultivated foods. Kūmara was the most important cultivated crop to Māori and taumata atua were placed at the upoko (head of the crop) for protection and to ensure it was fruitful.
After fields were prepared for planting they were made tapu before planting could commence. Planters arrived at sunrise and a tohunga chanted a prayer to Rongo while facing towards the rising sun. When planting commenced tewha (working songs or chants) were sung while men dug the fields.
Once harvesting began, offerings of the first fruits were made to the taumata atua. When crops failed it was thought that the gods were punishing people. They are not many of these beautiful taonga around as they were buried beneath the ground in times of danger and have been unearthed many years later.
This taumata atua is the property of the Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Taonga tūturu is one of nine categories of protected New Zealand objects defined in the Protected Objects Act (1975). The Act regulates the export of protected New Zealand objects, except for taonga tūturu which is the only category of objects to have separate regulations regarding ownership and trade. Under the Act, all taonga tūturu found are initially Crown owned to allow claims for ownership to be heard by the Māori Land Court.
The Protected Objects Act defines taonga tūturu as an object that;
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